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Archeological Site

" THE HATAHARA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

THE HATAHARA SITE WAS DISCOVERED IN 1997 BY THE CENTRAL AMAZON PROJECT (PAC), IT WAS CREATED BY EDUARDO NEVES GÓES, MICHAEL HECKENBERGER AND JAMES PETERSEN. THE SITE IS LOCATED ON THE LEFT BANK OF SOLIMÕES RIVER OVER A HIGH TERRACE (WHERE IPA IS CURRENTLY LOCATED). THE SITE INTEGRITY LEVEL IS EXCELLENT AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL STUDIES HAVE BEING MADE SINCE 1999, AND CURRENTLY THIS MOST STUDIED SITE IN THE REGION, BUT DUE TO ITS COMPLEXIT IT CONTINUES TO AMAZE US IN EVERY NEW PHASE.


SEVERAL FACTORS MADE THAT THIS SITE SINCE ITS DISCOVERY AROUSED MAJOR INTEREST SUCH AS:


1 - LARGE QUANTITY OF CERAMIC FRAGMENTS AT SURFACE LEVEL;
2 - PRESENCE OF INDIGENOUS BLACK EARTH;
3 - THE PRESENCE OF MOUNDS (SMALL TERRACES BUILT ON THE GROUND WHERE THE HOUSES WERE MADE);
4 - A GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION WITHOUT FLOODING BUT STILL CLOSE TO RIVER RESOURCES ;
5 - SEVERAL BURIALS IN DIFFERENT PERIODS OF TIME;
6 - COMPLEXITY OF STRATIGRAPHY (LONG TERM OCCUPANCY);
7 - TRACES CORRESPONDING TO AT LEAST FOUR SETTLEMENTS BEFORE CONTACT WITH EUROPEANS;
8 - DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF SETTLEMENT (CIRCULAR AND LINEAR VILLAGE).

 

DUE TO ALL THESE FEATURES THE HATAHARA SITE PRESENTS A GREAT POTENTIAL FOR RESEARCH OF PEOPLE WHO INHABITED THE REGION IN THE PAST. IT WAS AND IT CONTINUES BEING THE SUBJECT OF ACADEMIC STUDY OF SEVERAL PROJECTS (NEVES ET AL, 2003; LIMA, 2008; MACHADO, 2005; RAPP PY-DANIEL, 2009, 2010; TAMANAHA, 2006).


SINCE THIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE WAS PURCHASED BY IPA , SMALL INTERVENTIONS WERE MADE TO RELEASE SOME CONSTRUCTION, YET MOST OF THE SITE IS PRESERVED. IPA UNDERTOOK SINCE THE PURCHASE OF THIS AREA TO PRESERVE THE AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE OF THE SITE, IN 2011 WE DELIMITED THE AREA, EQUIVALENT TO ABOUT 90% OF THE SITE FOR PERMANENT PROTECTION (RAPP PY-DANIEL ET AL, 2011)."

TEXT BY ANNE RAPP PY-DANIEL / PHOTOS BY VAL MORAES

      

      

     

 

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